In his new autobiography, Neil Young comes clean. Because of his recent brain surgery, and under the advice of his physicians, he quit smoking marijuana. He put down the pipe in January 2011 and hasn’t smoked since. Not bad for a guy who’s been stoned since the sixties. Inspired by his adult daughter’s journey into sobriety, he also gave up alcohol. Any good child of the sixties is naturally drawn to experimenting with altered states of consciousness. And when you’ve been stoned and drunk for 40 years, sobriety is the new high.

At first he worried, will I be able to write songs? Will I still want to make music? But the dam soon broke — he returned to his craft with renewed zeal and ferocity, recording two albums in a row with his long time and distortion-drenched rock band Crazy Horse. The first was a collection of folk standards called Americana. The second, released on October 30, is the first ever collection of originals by the clean and sober songwriter. Psychedelic Pill put his worries to rest. Neil Young’s star has never shone brighter.

I quit drinking 11 years ago, and put down the pipe many years before that. The pursuit of music was so deeply interwoven with those two activities, I too wondered if I would ever again write and perform music with the same conviction and abandon. My fears were mislaid. In fact, the opposite occurred. When I came out of the fog, I began to write much better songs. And I became clearer about how to record and perform those songs more effectively. My entire recording career as a solo artist and the success I enjoyed with my band the Coyote Problem, including all the San Diego Music Awards, happened after I got clean. It’s like I awakened from a dream, walked outside, and found the courage to take my place in the sun. The stoned and drunk me was always too tentative, too wracked with self-doubt, too stuck in my own head to dare to live out loud. I sometimes wonder how many opportunities I let slip by just so I could stay hidden.

Marijuana and alcohol are tricky. One is legal and one is not. Anyone can see the indefensible absurdity of drug and alcohol laws. It makes no sense that alcohol is legal, widely available and socially sanctioned while marijuana is not. It’s perfectly respectable to drink three glasses of wine as your eyes glaze over and your cheeks turn red. Police officers, judges, governors, mothers, and priests do it all the time. But smoke one puff of a plant you grew in your own backyard and you’re a criminal. None of it makes any sense.

Yet marijuana use is not without its personal costs. It may not be as benign as its advocates proclaim.

Last year one of my students came to see me in my office. She was a brilliant, articulate, well read, and thoughtful young woman. I wasn’t sure what she’d come to discuss. After fidgeting and staring at the floor for a long, uncomfortable silence she said, “I have a drug problem.”

Then it all spilled out.

The drug was marijuana. Not only was she a daily smoker, she stayed stoned from the moment she awoke in the morning till the moment she went to bed. There was never one single moment of one single day when she wasn’t stoned. As she told me her story, one word kept cycling around in my mind. More than anything else she seemed brokenhearted.

She wasn’t interested in counseling or therapy. As a college professor I had all those resources at my fingertips and was ready with phone numbers. She shook her head. She only had one question. “What should I do?”

“What do you want to do?” I asked.

“I don’t know. I don’t think I want to quit,” she said, “but I can’t keep going like this.”

And that was the crux. Her restlessness, her anger, her dissatisfaction, her discomfort were powerful messages in and of themselves. Sometimes suffering is a gift. It’s okay if you don’t know what to do next, I told her. Sometimes it’s enough to know that you can’t stay here.

A particularly poignant part of her story was the fact that her mother, who suffers from rheumatoid arthritis, has a medical marijuana card and smokes to dull the edge of her chronic pain. It’s easy to see that marijuana is a remarkably effective medicine for certain chronic conditions and used judiciously it can be a highly beneficial component of palliative care. But every medicine is also a poison. Her family home was filled with clouds of marijuana smoke. For everyone in the house, including her two younger siblings, marijuana consumption was as commonplace as breathing air. How was she going to find the courage to put down the pipe under these conditions? It’s easy to support medical marijuana in principle, but our passionate public discourse on the issue rarely considers the long shadow cast by these clouds of smoke.

We talked for a while and looked at it from every angle. I didn’t preach or tell her what to do. It was enough to simply be present with her confusion and frustration. The only suggestion I offered was experimenting with a temporary hiatus. Why not stop for a week or two, just to see what happens — just to see who you are without it. Marijuana powerfully and effectively shifts one’s emotional and conceptual frameworks. It might be instructive to see what the options are. It might be helpful to see what it feels like to not be stoned.

When she left I felt frustrated and a little worried. I wished I could have been more helpful. But the best we can do for each other is bear witness. I cannot choose for her. Her authentic freedom is a Holy Grail only she can find.

She said she would try to quit for a while just to see how it felt.

The next time I saw her she was stoned.

It’s funny. When you first begin drinking and smoking, you do it because it lifts you over your adolescent awkwardness. It helps you overcome fear and sets you free to connect with others. It softens the pain and clears out the clutter so you can more immediately experience beauty and joy. Then it turns around. As the consumption becomes habitual, it begins to have the opposite effect. The life of the addict and alcoholic is a life of increasing isolation and disconnection. You get stuck in your own little world. Things lose their luster and turn dull. It just stops working. You feel anything but free. And a small voice inside of you starts asking for something more.

Drugs and alcohol are neither good nor evil. I seriously doubt the criminal justice system has any significant role to play, apart from the obviously sensible prohibitions against driving under the influence. What we put in our bodies is by its very nature a very personal and private decision. Each of us must bear the burden of our own choices and take responsibility for crafting our own best lives. That some are more competent in this task than others is clear. But we must never dogmatize about how others are to live their lives. It is hard enough to live our own. Human beings have sought out consciousness altering substances since the beginning of time and no set of laws or social conventions is going to change that. But the deeper and more pressing question remains. What role do these substances have in a fully realized, vibrant, and joyful life? There’s only one person who knows the answer to that question.

Peter Bolland is a writer, speaker, singer-songwriter, and professor at Southwestern College where he teaches comparative religion, Asian philosophy, ethics, and world mythology. You can find him on Facebook (, follow him on Twitter (, or write to him at